Streptocarpus shows a great diversity of shoot and flower morphology, but lacks resources for genetic studies. RAD sequencing with NGS technologies provides large amounts of genotyping data quickly and cost effectively and is very useful for genetic map construction. In this study, three approaches for constructing RAD loci were combined to build the first genetic map for Streptocarpus (Gesneriaceae). A backcross population between Streptocarpus grandis and S. rexii was used as the mapping population. The parents are both diploid (2n = 32) and largely autogamous. Streptocarpus grandis is unifoliate, retaining the enlarged macrocotyledon as sole foliar organ which is monocarpic, and S. rexii is rosulate and perennial. 233 backcross plants were genotyped, and the data from 200 or 150 individuals used to generate the maps. The RAD reads were assembled using a de novo approach, aligned on the reference draft genome sequences of S. rexii using BWA or Stampy, and finally all markers were analyzed combined. In the latter, 599 mappable markers were generated which were assigned to 16 linkage groups, with an average inter-marker distance of 2.6 cM. This work provides a valuable genetic resource for further studies in the large and morphologically diverse genus Streptocarpus.
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