A study of floral and vegetative anatomy of the woody, monotypic Amazonian genus Sanango was undertaken in an attempt to help clarify the relationships of the genus. Detailed descriptions of leaf, stem, nodal, wood, and floral anatomy are presented. Wood is characterized by a combination of solitary and grouped vessels with elements having few-barred scalariform perforation plates, imperforate tracheary elements with very reduced pit borders, exceptionally tall and broad heterocellular rays, and vasicentric axial parenchyma. Of special interest is the presence in Sanango of a very uncommon multilacunar nodal structure having split-lateral traces. Stems possess cortical vascular bundles. Leaf stomata are anisocytic and distributed in clusters on the undersurface of the lamina. Anatomical evidences suggest that Sanango is most closely related to the Scrophulariales, sharing many important features with the Gesneriaceae.
A Re-Examination of Sanango racemosum. 2. Vegetative and Floral Anatomy