Authors: Gashi, Bekim; Abdullai, Kasamedim; Kongjika, Efigjeni
Publication: American Journal of Plant Sciences
Year: 2012
Genera: Ramonda

The resurrection plants Ramonda serbica and Ramonda nathaliae are the physiological model plant and endemic species from Balkan Peninsula. Study was carried out to assess the impact of different populations on photosynthetic pigment contents and their effect on physiological activity of these species. The experiment was conducted with leaves of R. serbica collected from nine populations in Kosovo, three in Albania and two in Macedonia, while for R. nathaliae four populations in Macedonia. For this purpose plants after collection from their natural populations were kept for 24 hours at constant temperature and humidity and in natural photoperiod. According to our data the pigment contents (Total chl + Carot) of R. serbica, measured as mg per gram dry weight (DW), were higher (7.06 mg·g-1 DW) in Radaci populations (Kosovo) and lower (4.63 mg·g-1 DW) in Jukniu Mountain-Kruja (Albania). On the other hand, the higher (5.28 mg·g-1 DW) of pigment contents (Total chl + Carot) of R. nathaliae were observed in Vorca populations and the lower (4.24 mg·g-1 DW) in Kaparllek populations. Ratio chlorophyll a/b of R. serbica in Kruja Castle populations from Albania was the higher (3.68) comparing with Zhlebi populations from Kosovo (1.68). Similarly in case of R. nathaliae the higher (3.36) value was in Kaparll?k populations and the lower (3.12) in Matka populations. The data obtained were further analyzed using one-way ANOVA and a significant change was recorded in the different populations. These studies clearly indicate that the Ramonda plants from different ecological habitats there have been changes of photosynthetic pigment contents.