Oreocharis brachypodus is described and illustrated as a new species from Guizhou, China. The new species is similar to Oreocharis villosa. However, the new species is readily distinguished from the latter by cymes not branched, 1–4-flowered, larger and pronounced gibbous corolla (2.2–2.5 cm long), ovary ca. 1 cm long, with 4 ribs prominent, style ca. 0.7 cm long, and thecae confluent. Comments on affinities, geographical distribution, ecology, phenology and conservation status of the new species are also provided.
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