Authors: Hsu, Hao-Chun; Hsu, Kung-Ling; Chan, Chuan-Yi; Wang, Chun-Neng; Kuo, Yan-Fu
Publication: Biosystems Engineering
Year: 2018
Genera: Sinningia

This study examined the colour and spot patterns for the ventral petals of a cross line in Sinningia speciosa. The second-generation individuals of the cross line exhibited phenotypic segregation in floral colour and spot patterns. Three colour traits (colour region ratio, region of interest colour, and colour gradient) and five spot traits (spot quantity, spot density, spot area ratio, spot colour, and background colour) were defined and quantified using image processing techniques. The variation in the traits and the correlations between the traits were also investigated. The results indicated a considerable degree of variation among the traits. The proposed approach can quantify petal traits more objectively and precisely compared with conventional naked eye examination. Thus, it can be used for applications, such as new flower variety determination, that require precise trait quantification.